Slide 3 of 18
Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean on the Mid Atlantic Ocean Ridge
which is spreading at some 2 cm per year. The Ridge
comes ashore in the South West and continues through the country up north.
There are two rifting zones, the Eastern and Western volcanic zones,
which are connected by the South Iceland Seismic Zone, capapble of
producing earthquakes with magnitudes up to 7. Grey areas
show the extent of ice caps.